Known for its bitter taste and strong aroma, coffee is one of the most common and cherished brews consumed worldwide. It is made from aromatic roasted coffee beans. The taste and flavor of the coffee depend on the degree to which the seeds are roasted and the type of coffee beans. Arabica and Robusta are the most popular varieties used across the globe.
One of the best parts about coffee is that you can enjoy it in many ways. All you need to do is brew it as you please, and it will taste differently. It also can taste different due to part ingredients. The chemical composition of the beans is often influenced by local conditions, harvesting, seasonal weather, processing, bean variety, roasting, and brewing. You could read all about it and more on TeaCoffee99 coffee magazine website.
Factors that affect the taste of coffee
Terrior means the local environment where something is grown. It plays a vital role in how coffee tastes. This includes the climate, soil, pH, topography, and many other things. Each coffee gets its taste from the region it is grown in. Mostly the taste depends on the soil, sunlight, and water.
Soil rich in minerals like phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, and potassium is ideal for coffee plantations. However, the number of minerals may vary depending on several factors such as altitude, region, climate, soil type, and others.
Higher retention of water will allow the plants to grow even during the dry spells. This also improves their overall health and enhances the coffee beans’ taste.
Just like any other fruit in the market, coffee is also grown only during certain months of the year. All the coffee is grown in the bean belt which dwells between 25 degrees North and 30 degrees south latitudes. The climates in these regions are generally warm and not susceptible to harsh weather. The growing seasons throughout the bean belt are quite consistent. However, there could be a slight difference in the amount of rain and the sun that the plants get. This affects the amount of water that the plants absorb which results in a change of flavor.
The total amount of time taken to roast the beans affects how they taste. The shorter the period, the more acidic will it be, but with better-pronounced origin flavors. The longer the roasting period, the more is the aroma with flavors of toffee and chocolate. This is because of the caramelization of coffee bean sugars.
Grinding beans at different densities also affect how the coffee tastes. Finely grounded beans will have more flavor than coarsely grounded ones.
Why Robusta and Arabica tastes Different
There is not much difference between the two. However, the Arabica beans taste sweeter and are acidic. Robusta beans are much harsher and nuttier in taste.
Coffee beans available in Brazil taste the best. Some of the other places where coffee is grown are Kenya, Central America, South America, Ethiopia, Indonesia, India, and more.
Uses and Effectiveness
After oil, coffee is the most commonly traded commodity in the world. There are many coffee uses and effects. Most people use it to increase mental alertness and reduce physical fatigue. It is also used to avoid gallstones, Parkinson’s disease, gastrointestinal cancer, type 2 diabetes, breast cancer, lung cancer, headache, obesity, low blood pressure, dementia, as well as ADHD.
Beverages containing caffeine and coffee are consumed for clear thinking and increased alertness. It also helps to make you feel fresh after a long day at work or wake you up from a goodnight’s sleep.
Helps avoid dizziness after eating caused by low BP
Drinking caffeinated beverages increases blood pressure and helps the senior citizens to avoid feeling dizzy.
Averting type-2 diabetes
Drinking coffee reduces the chances of getting type-2 diabetes. The higher the caffeine consumption, the lesser is the risk of getting type-2 diabetes. However, the effects can be different in different people.
Coffee provides 800 mg of caffeine per day, and this helps to reduce the chances of getting gallstones.
Alzheimer’s patients are recommended to consume coffee regularly. Senior citizens suffering from Alzheimer’s disease slowly lose their thinking and memory skills. Since there is a no good and effective cure, coffee can help to reduce the symptoms. Besides, one can also benefit from a healthy diet and regular exercise.
Prevent Cardio Vascular Diseases
Consumption of coffee in moderate amounts can prevent heart failure. Two cups of coffee can be consumed every day, as it will help in controlling heart rate. Many studies have also suggested that it can reduce the risks of getting a stroke.
Prevent Liver Diseases
Intake of Alcohol in excessive amounts can weaken the liver. Thus, drinking two cups of coffee every day will keep your liver strong and healthy.
With all the benefits that the coffee offers, one can enjoy sipping on it regularly.